Investing in index funds is known to be a sensible investment strategy. Though this information is well known, many are not completely aware of how it actually works. Understanding the effect of index funds investments will be beneficial to the investors.
Index fund is a form of mutual fund designed to match or track a constituent or the return of a market index. It is recognized as a type of mutual fund that provides a large market exposure. The operating cost and portfolio turnover is also known to be low.
A simple way to put it is, if investors purchased shares of an index fund, they are buying shares from a portfolio that consists of the securities in an underlying index. The securities and the index funds are held proportionally in a way that when the index decreases, the fund for that share decreases as well and vice versa.
Index funds sometimes mirror comprehensive market indices while other forms of index funds replicate indexes with specific characteristics such as those that participate in a specific industry or geography.
There are a number of advantages in index funds instead of direct ownership of the underlying securities. The following are a few examples: